The causes of addiction are not understood. The prevailing attitude towards addiction has been disapproval as addiction was seen as a personal failure, resulting from moral weakness and a lack of discipline. The stigma has not been entirely lost and scientific evidence suggests that addiction is primarily a biological phenomenon.   

In some circles, addiction has been described as a disease of the brain. Addiction researchers asserted that alcoholism and other dependent states have a genetic base. Alcohol dependence was thought to be influenced by genes as well as the environment as the risk of alcohol-related problems seemed to be higher in children.  

While studies support the genetic predisposition, identifying the specific genes that lead to the increased risk of addiction has been laborious, but it has been confirmed that people with a different form of a certain gene are more susceptible to addiction. It is hoped that further research into gene therapy can lead to the development of new treatments for alcoholics and drug addicts. 

Research documenting the impact of drugs and alcohol on the brain sheds some light on why some people are prone to addiction as compared to others. Drug abuse along with other potentially addictive activities such as gambling, shopping causes the brain to release dopamine, a chemical involved in experiencing pleasure. The surge in dopamine production appears to be powerful enough to compel the user to keep taking the drug and engaging in the behavior. With prolonged use, the drugs can alter the brain so that experiencing pleasure without the drug becomes near impossible. And at that point, the drug is used to slave off painful withdrawal symptoms. Based on the research, the theory claims that people who are deficient in dopamine are likely to become addicts.  

While most people agree that biology plays an important part in addiction, there is some division as some people believe that addiction is a behavior problem that is influenced by biology. They contend that labeling addiction as a mental condition is similar to diabetes or heart disease that creates a false impression that addicts have no control over their behavior.  

There is so much to learn about how the brain works and research continues and questions are still asked. Critics contend the medical theory of addiction may be flawed because most people who take drugs do not become addicted to it.  

Addiction to nicotine, which is considered more addictive than heroin, can be kicked solely on willpower. The dopamine theory has come under some criticism with the assertion that the range of activities that stimulate the pleasure centers in the brain is far too wide to denote any behavioral tendencies.  

The contrasting perspectives on addiction, biological or behavioral have influenced the debate over the best addiction treatment. Counseling and medication are favored by those who believe that addiction is a disease and believe that controlled abstinence may be the best way to break the habit. To know more about our Rehabilitation Center in New Delhi, please visit our website https://awakeningwellnessretreat.com.